A radiologist specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions using medical imaging tests. They can read and interpret scans such as X-rays, MRIs, mammograms, ultrasounds, and CT scans.
OsteopathsOsteopathic medicine (DO) doctors are fully licensed doctors, just like doctors. Their training emphasizes a “full body” approach.
Osteopaths use the latest medical technology, but also the body's natural ability to heal itself. Pediatricians provide children with primary health care, including vaccines, general medical checkups, school physicals, and treatment for problems such as coughs, colds, and stomach flu. If a patient has a more serious illness, their pediatrician may refer them to a pediatric subspecialist (p. ex.
After graduating from medical school, pediatricians spend at least three years in a residency program that focuses on pediatric medicine. If they choose to study a pediatric subspecialty, they will then attend a scholarship for that subspecialty. Cardiologists focus on treating the heart and its blood vessels. This may include treatment for heart failure, cardiovascular disease, and postoperative care.
The training to become a cardiologist is quite extensive. After completing three years of residency in internal medicine, aspiring cardiologists must attend several more years of training with fellowships. Oncologists care for patients who have cancer by treating the disease itself, as well as the symptoms it causes. Often, oncologists participate in clinical trials that use new and experimental treatments for cancers that would otherwise be incurable.
Oncologists attend medical school, followed by a residency in oncology. There are also scholarships for subspecialties of oncology, such as pediatric oncology (childhood cancer) and radiation oncology (radiation treatment for cancer). Gastroenterologists treat the functions and diseases of the digestive system. This field attracts doctors who enjoy the procedures, but who also like to care for patients on an outpatient basis.
Gastroenterology is another subspecialty of internal medicine. At a minimum, gastroenterologists attend medical school followed by a residency in internal medicine. From there, they must attend a gastroenterology training grant. Like other internal medicine doctors, endocrinologists attend medical school followed by a residency in internal medicine.
They are then required to attend training scholarships in endocrinology. Podiatrists are specialists in the feet and lower extremities. They treat and control pain and illness, as well as injuries, to help keep people active and pain-free. Podiatrists can treat many common problems, such as bunions.
They can also help with persistent problems or injuries. A general practitioner is trained to provide medical care to patients of any gender or age. General practitioners often work as primary care physicians (PCP), seeing their patients regularly, and are familiar with their medical histories. Most people visit (or should) see a PCP at least once a year.
When you suspect that something else is going on, the first thing you should do is go to a general practitioner, as he is responsible for your overall care and well-being. Then, they can refer you to the right specialist. Endocrinologists specialize in glands and all the hormones they produce. Endocrinologists typically treat diabetes, thyroid dysfunction, and reproductive health.
You can see an endocrinologist for any of the above options, and your general practitioner will usually refer you if you have symptoms or have related discrepancies in your blood tests. Some endocrinologists focus specifically on one area of the body. For example, a reproductive endocrinologist focuses on the reproductive system, and people often work with these doctors when seeking fertility treatments. A neurologist focuses on the anatomy, functions, and disorders of the nerves and nervous system.
Neurologists work with people who have had strokes and with people with degenerative diseases of the nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis. If you have a loss of motor or cognitive function, you may be referred to a neurologist. A rheumatologist is a specialist in internal medicine for joints, muscles, and bones. Another specialist on our list, an orthopedist, also works with joints, muscles and bones, but a rheumatologist is unique because he focuses on the source of the problem and on the body's overall movement and health.
Orthopedists tend to focus on the most acute areas of pain and injury. We'll talk more about orthopedists later. One of the main reasons to see a rheumatologist is arthritis, but they also work with patients who have tendonitis, lupus, gout, and more, to manage chronic pain. Psychiatrists focus exclusively on mental health.
You can see a psychiatrist if you think you have symptoms of mental illness. People usually see a psychiatrist on their own, but some GPs are now adding mental health screenings to annual checkups and can refer them. Psychiatrists can specialize in more than one mental illness, and they can also specialize in substance abuse treatment. Psychiatrists may specialize informally in specific age groups, although some prefer to work informally at different ages and on different diseases as they gain experience with patients.
Monitoring also helps you understand the culture among doctors in that field, the type of patients you will see, and the possible mental and emotional cost. He adds that this is one example among the many reasons why a Yale Medicine doctor can request the opinion of a cytopathologist to guide the clinical treatment of a patient. Doctors specialize and subspecialize in certain areas of the body and in treating specific conditions. Experts say they expect Amazon to continue its foray into the health field, and highlight the company's recent acquisition of One Medical.
The Association of Medical Colleges of the United States maintains a database of more than 135 specialties and subspecialties that you can explore. Aspiring anesthesiologists must attend medical school, followed by an anesthesiology residency program. You'll see an emergency doctor if you have a medical emergency and in a hospital emergency room. The passage of time affects every aspect of how the body works, including digestion, brain function, how medications work, and more.
An otolaryngologist specializes in conditions and disorders that affect and around the ear, nose, and throat areas. Pathologists: These laboratory doctors identify the causes of diseases by examining body tissues and fluids under a microscope. They perform routine checkups and screenings, give you the flu shot and the vaccine, and monitor diabetes and other ongoing medical conditions. This doctor differs from an optometrist or optician because he has a medical degree and is trained to diagnose and treat eye diseases and perform eye surgery.
Fortunately, there are resources available to help you make this decision, and preparing ahead of time can help you make smart choices for your medical career. With additional training (called a scholarship), internists can specialize in cardiology, gastroenterology, endocrinology, nephrology, pneumology, and other medical subspecialties. These doctors have experience in pathology and dermatology, so it's a good idea to request that the skin biopsy be sent to a dermatopathologist for review. Some anesthesiologists work with patients to maintain chronic pain, and others specialize in different areas of medicine, such as pediatrics or obstetrics.